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Maryland Historic National Road

12985 Frederick Road
West Friendship, MD 21794
Tel: 410.489.9100
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Maryland Historic National Road

The Maryland National Road is part of a six-state All-American Road, National Scenic Byway that spans more than 700 miles from Baltimore through Maryland, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana and Illinois to East St. Louis, Missouri.

In 1806, Congress authorized the establishment of a road running from Cumberland, Maryland to the Ohio River. This National Road (alternately referred to as the National Turnpike, Cumberland Road, or Cumberland Turnpike) facilitated America’s westward expansion and would eventually extend to Vandalia, Illinois.

The Cumberland Road was, at that time, aligned near an American Indian Trail called Nemacolin’s Path, named for the Delaware Indian who helped open it for the Ohio Company in 1751. British General Edward Braddock’s officers widened or blazed fragments of Nemacolin’s Path and renamed the road Braddock’s Road. Braddock’s Road was The National Road’s recommended route, but the slopes were too steep for its maximum grades.


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